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Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM): Affected product group

published on
6.12.2023

The Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) is part of the "Fit for 55" package of the European Union (EU) and refers to the EU's plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. CBAM is a supporting mechanism designed to ensure that the effectiveness of EU measures to reduce emissions is not jeopardized. CBAM is used alongside other policy instruments to combat the risk of carbon leakage, which arises in particular from the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS).

How it works: CBAM puts a carbon price on the import of certain goods produced outside the EU. Companies wishing to import goods from non-EU countries into the EU purchase certificates corresponding to the amount of emissions generated during the production of these goods.

All companies in the EU that import iron, steel, cement, aluminium, electricity, fertilizers, hydrogen, certain primary products and some upstream and downstream products (especially iron and steel) - in pure or processed form - from non-EU countries are subject to the CBAM rules. During the transition phase, the EU plans to examine whether the scope of application should be extended to other goods where there is also a risk of carbon leakage.

If you want to find out whether you fall under the CBAM Regulation (based on the CN codes of the goods you import from non-EU countries), download our Excel "Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM): Affected product group". The Excel table lists all types of goods with the corresponding CN codes that must be taken into account under the CBAM Regulation. You can also see for which goods only direct emissions and for which goods indirect emissions must also be taken into account.

Download Excel now

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